All the apartment or house structural parts, including floors, need high humidity good protection. If the apartment is placed above a humid basement, humidity destroys starts to erode the concrete floor. Because of the high humidity in floor battens and planks of a wooden floor there occurs the fungus and the rotting starts to spread. Qualitative floor waterproofing is the most reliable way to avoid listed above troubles and meddling humidity smell your the house.
Water proofing: types and classification
Depending on the room exploitation appropriation and conditions, different materials for floor waterproofing are used to protect it from destruction and rotting
According to the application field, water proofing is divided into two big groups:
- for external works;
- for internal works.
According to the surface application way, they differentiate the following waterproofing material types:
If the floor waterproofing is conducted in an apartment or a private house, the following materials provide the best effect, and thus are the most popular.
Roll and membrane materials
Present-day roll floor waterproofing is presented in polymer multilayer membranes, combining, as a rule, not only waterproofing, but also thermal insulating quality.
Membrane waterproofing is roll polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinylchloride films that are mostly used if there is a need of a concrete floor waterproofing before dry or sand cement creed creation.
Mastic is a plastic adhesive cement based on bitum, liquid rubber, polymer, resin, plasticizer and other admixtures. In habitable rooms floor waterproofing mastic is used for impervious layer formation, also for bathroom, lavatory, kitchen, sauna, pool joints and cuts treatment.
Liquid water-repellent materials
Such new liquid floor water proofing as, for example, Penetron is applied to the surface and, penetrating metal interstices dries out in the form of waterproof but air-permeable crystal.
The floor waterproofing method, depending on the material composition and body, can be of two types:
- molten waterproofing;
- treating waterproofing.
In first case waterproofing material is applied in several layers that are reinforced with metal lath or glass fabric if necessary. As a result the water-repellent film width should be of 5-15 cm.
Treating liquid floor waterproofing in the apartment consists of the liquid polymer treatments and primer coats application with regular brush. These materials treat the floor bottom for certain depth or set on its surface creating monolith jointless waterproof membrane.